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Tasawwuf

Sufism (Arabic: - taṣawwuf, Persian:  sufigari, Turkmen: tasavvuf, Urdu is generally understood to be the inner, mystical dimension of Islam. A practitioner of this tradition is generally known as a ṣūfī, though some adherents of the tradition reserve this term only for those practitioners who have attained the goals of the Sufi tradition. Another name used for the Sufi seeker is dervish.

All Sufi orders trace their spiritual chains to Ali ibn Abi Talib with the exceptions of the Naqshbandi Sufi Order which traces its chain to Abu Bakr (the first caliph and father-in-law of the Prophet of Islam) and of the Judeo-Sufi order of Hawariyun.