Madinah Munawwarah is the blessed City to which Allah’s Most Beloved Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be with him) emigrated and it gave him refuge, embraced his preaching and supported his religion, and its people defended him with their lives, their wealth and their sons until Allah made him victorious.
Madinah possesses virtues which are well known and an influence which none disputes. It is the city where the Beloved Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be with him) made the first mosque (Masjid al-Quba). It contains the Prophet’s Mosque; The Masjid Nabawi, where the rewards of each prayer are multiplied by a thousand. And there is the sacred chamber where the Beloved Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be with him) and the first two caliphs May Allah be pleased with them are laid to rest.
The History of Madinah Munawwarah begins with the virtues of Madinah Munwwarah and the prayers which Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be with him) made for this city. There is a long chapter on the Prophet’s Mosque, the Masjid Nabawi and its virtues. The various parts of the original mosque (Sacred Garden, Pulpit, Columns, Mehraband Suffah) are described with intricate detail. The next chapter is devoted to the Sacred Chamber with lot of historical detail enlightening the reader with the life of the Beloved Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be with him), the Khalifa-e-Rashideen and the Sahaba.
There is an entire chapter on the extension of the Masjid Nabawi, starting with the first extension by the blessed hands of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be with him) in the 7th year of the Hijrah, followed by the extensions by Caliphs Hadrat Umar and Hadrat Uthman respectively. The author traces the long chain of extensions since then to the current times. Each extension resulted in the demolition of the Hujrat of Umm-ul-Momineen and the humble dwellings of the Sahaba (Noble Companions of the Beloved Prophet of Allah).
Consequently an entire chapter is devoted to the Hujrat and the houses of the Noble Sahaba i-kiram, around the original mosque from the time of the Beloved Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be with him). This chapter is very informative on the life of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be with him), Mothers of the Believers, Umm-ul-Momineen and numerous Sahaba; it sheds light on the early years of Islam.
The last chapter describes the 26 mosques (in and around Madinah) where the Beloved Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be with him) and his Noble Companions offered prayers. Notable among these are, Masjid al-Quba (the first mosque) and Masjid al-Qiblatain (where the direction of qibla changed from Bait-ul-Muqaddas to Ka’bah). The book also describes some of the historic wells, valleys, mountains and sites of the historic battles. There is a brief mention of a few Islamic institutes of Madinah Munawwarah and development schemes.
Both the books are not purely historical (as their names may suggest). The books shed light on the various aspects of the two holy cities, with references to the Qur’an, Ahadith. It is essential for everyone to know the most important historical events that have direct effect on the establishment and sacredness of Makkah and Madinah, as well as their religious weight. The above books provide an excellent starting point in this direction, enabling an integrated picture of each holy city.
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